An array of close allies of former President Donald Trump, including Rudy Giuliani and Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), have been subpoenaed in the ongoing criminal investigation by Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis into attempts by Trump and his goon squad to undercut the 2020 presidential election outcome in Georgia.
The subpoenas, which demand testimony from recipients, are from a special grand jury that convened for the purpose of working solely on the Willis investigation into election meddling efforts. Other Trump allies now hit with Georgia subpoenas include lawyers John Eastman, Cleta Mitchell, Kenneth Chesebro, Jenna Ellis, and Jacki Pick Deason. The subpoenas were filed Tuesday and approved by Fulton Superior Court Judge Robert McBurney, whose backing was required because the subpoenas targeted individuals who reside outside of Georgia. The individuals targeted by the subpoenas had an array of specific roles in the wide-ranging efforts to secure Trump a second term in office despite his loss.
Three times, Giuliani spoke before Georgia state legislators about the 2020 presidential election, which he alleged — and still alleges — to have been rife with fraud. Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, was a recent public witness for the House committee investigating the Capitol riot, to whom Raffensperger explained that — contrary to insinuations and allegations otherwise from Trump’s corner — his team actually rigorously examined allegations of election fraud in Georgia. As has been well-documented, no evidence of systematic fraud ever emerged. A call on which then-President Trump attempted to pressure Raffensperger to “find” enough votes to flip Georgia from Biden has been a linchpin of Willis’s investigation. Raffensperger has already testified before the special grand jury working on the probe into Trump’s meddling in Georgia.
Meanwhile, as cited by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Giuliani’s suspension from practicing law in New York pointed in part to conspiracy theory-driven allegations about the presidential election Rudy made in Georgia. Besides his other infamous roles in the push to somehow stop Joe Biden from taking his rightfully decided place as president, Eastman also testified at a post-2020 election hearing in Georgia, where he pushed false claims of fraud and the notion that the state legislature ought to have selected an alternate slate of electoral votes from Georgia for Trump — which wouldn’t have had a foundation in the law. Mitchell, meanwhile, was on the call with Trump as he made that infamous post-election push to Raffensperger, and Ellis was a prominent part of the then-president’s post-election legal and public relations team. She repeatedly appeared alongside Giuliani in contested states to push false claims of fraud.
Graham, meanwhile, apparently called Raffensperger after the 2020 election to bring up the possibility of throwing out legally cast ballots. “Graham also asked whether Raffensperger had the power to toss all mail ballots in counties found to have higher rates of nonmatching signatures, Raffensperger said,” per The Washington Post. That is not a direct quote from either Raffensperger or Graham. Taking the route Graham brought up would have meant discarding legally cast ballots. “It sure looked like he was wanting to go down that road,” Raffensperger said, in apparent reference to the possibility of throwing out entire counties’ tranches of mail-in ballots.